The Most Important Immunization For Adults

Do not blame adults: adult vaccinations are trickier to organize than the standard immunizations that children receive.

Nobody likes to have a shot, but according to the CDC most adults dislike having vaccinations almost as much as kids do. Every year 45,000 United States residents die from diseases that could have prevented by vaccinations. Immunization for adults is important because people can protect themselves from tetanus, acellus pertussis, human papillomavirus, diphtheria, shingles and other serious diseases.

Women are responding well to HPV advertisements, which promote vaccination programs to prevent the human papillomavirus. Many women have decided to get the HPV vaccination for adults. The vaccine protects women from 70% of cervical cancers. Many older men and women are also choosing to protect themselves by getting the shingles vaccination for adults.

Many people do not concern themselves with a vaccine for adults until they go on an exotic vacation or have a high-risk health condition. Adults should make sure that they have received all of their childhood vaccinations and that they get their get tetanus shot every ten years. They should also talk to their physician about which vaccines they need to have before traveling to different countries.

How Effective Are Sutent And Avastin?

Michigan’sComprehensiveCancerCentercarried out a recent study published in the early edition of a paer produced by the National Academy of Sciences. The study determined that because Sutent and Avastin, two drugs used for treating breast cancer, stimulate cancer stem cells present in breast tumors, they do not increase your chances of living longer.

Although the drugs minimize cancer tumors, the cancer simply starts to spread again after some time, and study author Max Wicha MD points out that the drugs do not necessarily mean a higher survival rate, despite the fact that they delay tumor recurrence.

Wicha also points out that the agents will have to be combined with cancer stem cell inhibitors, to really be effective as a treatment cancer.

During experiments with laboratory mice, it was found that both medications stop harmful blood vessels from forming, although they also triggered more cancer stem cells. Standard treatment for tumors, defined here as anti-angiogenesis drugs, are generally useless against stem cancer cells.

The study was able to identify reasons that the stem cells were activated, and believed that hypoxia, or low oxygen, was causing the number of cells to increase.

The agency actually revoked its approval for Avastin, pointing out that the effects were too brief, and that relapses were common, causing the cancer to spread.

The study suggests that a cancer stem cell inhibitor taken along with either Sutent or Avastin would be a more effective cure for tumors.

Over 209,000 Americans will have been diagnosed with cancer metastatic breast, with over 40,000 dying from the disease, by the end of 2012, according to the American Cancer Society, when discussing breast cancer awareness.

Stem Cell Research Therapy Promising For Macular Degeneration

A study in its early stages is a ground breaking moment nevertheless, although it is a very small study and is concerned only with safety considerations in embryonic stem cell therapy.

InLondon, at theMoorfieldEyeHospital, where a parallel trial is in operation, a British man is now undergoing embryonic stem cell research therapy and he is the first European to receive such treatment.

In theUnited Statesstudy arm, both women in the trials suffer from one of the macular degeneration forms that result in retinal cells dying and losing central vision.

The first woman, in her 70s, has dry macular degeneration, a leading cause of vision loss in the West. This form is age-related. The patient could only read 21 letters on a test chart to check her vision, and she is now able to read 28 of the letters.

The second woman suffers from the most common macular degeneration, Stargardt’s disease, which is seen in younger people. Before macular degeneration therapy the patient could see only hand movement and is now able to detect finger movement and more. Both women were treated with the stem cell treatment last July.

At theUniversityofCalifornia,Los Angeles, the Jules Stein Eye Institute reported no safety issues were found in either patient even after four months passed since they were treated.

In each patient, 50,000 RPE—retinal pigment epithelium—cells taken from embryonic stem cells were injected in one eye. This was done so that the vision in the treated eye could be compared to the vision in the untreated eye.

The death of RPE retinal cells and the loss of rod and cone cells underneath that are light receptive cells, causes dry age-related macular degeneration. The same kinds of cells are lost in Stargardt’s disease, but the cause is a genetic defect and it can be detected as early as in a patient’s teens.

The theory in the studies is that the health of the underlying rods and cones will be improved as new RPE cells repopulate the epithelial layer. The ACT—Advanced Cell Technology—was developed by aUnited Statesstem cell company.

One of the authors of the study and chief science officer at ACT, Dr. Robert Lanza, stated that both patients’ vision appears improved after the cells were transplanted, even though it was a low dose, and despite the progressive nature of the disease.

He went on to say that this result is of particular importance because the goal of the therapy would ultimately be treating patients in the early stages of the disease when even better results may be experienced.

He and the other authors pointed out that the study was designed only to test the tolerability and safety of this technique on 24 patients.In the meantime, in the European study, a few of the 12 volunteers have been injected under general anesthesia. It is too soon to tell what the results will be for each patient, but all are hopeful that an upcoming assessment will show improvement in vision.

Multi-Drug Resistant TB Found In India

Doctors in India have made reports of their countries initial cases of resistant TB. This strain of tuberculosis is a long feared form of the killer lung disease that is virtually untreatable.

Such cases have also been documented in both Iran and Italy since 2003. In most cases, the disease has been limited to areas of great poverty and not spread widely. However, it is possible that there are many cases yet undocumented.

There is little fear of the strains of Indian TB to spread to other locations. The disease is primarily transmitted by close personal contact and is less contagious than the flu. Most of the reported cases did not transfer from one person to another, but the mutations occurred in patients receiving poor treatment.

The World Health Organization refuses to accept the term drug resistant TB infections. It still considers these cases extensively drug-resistant. However, one of the coordinators at WHO’s Stop TB department located in Geneva says there is plenty of evidence of virtually untreatable cases.

Dozens of medicines were used on the initial cases in India, and none worked. According to the US Centers for Disease Control, these cases appear to be very resistant to the drugs available.

Information about tuberculosis disease shows it ordinarily cured by a six to nine month course of antibiotics. Interruption of the treatment or giving the patient less than the recommended amount of antibiotic allows the bacteria to return in a mutated form that is tougher than ever to kill and resistant to treatment. Tuberculosis and treatment becomes much more difficult and expensive to treat.

In the resistant cases, 12 patients failed in the initial treatments and when treated for an additional two to three years did not respond. Three of these patients have died and the remaining patients have not been successfully treated.

Private doctors that prescribed inappropriate drugs have been blamed for the increased resistance in three of four patients in one study. These patients were given inappropriate doses or the wrong types of antibiotics. Little hope is seen for the remaining nine patients. There is a single case of a mother passing the disease to a daughter and all patients are poor slum dwellers. HIV in patients results in faster deaths.

The patients with this strain of TV are part of the untouchables so there is little fuss being made over the problem. Local doctors fear that the disease will begin to spread among families.

WHO is working with local doctors to improve diagnostics and regulate TB treatment among the private sector.

In 2009, a Peruvian teen was infected in Peru and diagnosed when visiting Florida. After 18 months of treatments using experimental medications in high doses and a cost of $500,000, the teen was successfully treated. However, such resources are unthinkable in many of the developing countries such as India.

Studies of the causes of tuberculosis find that it is lying dormant in one of three people. About 10% of these patients will eventually develop the disease. India is home to 25% of the TB cases in the world and about 20% of the multi-drug resistant cases.

Best Ways To Reduce Cholesterol

There has been evidence that statin drugs increase the risk for developing diabetes in older women. Statin drugs are a very popular class of medication that is used among many ways to reduce cholesterol levels. They alter the way that the body processes fat. They lower ldl cholesterol and increase good cholesterol. Lipitor, Zocor, and Crestor are all well known prescription names of this class of drug.

When total cholesterol is lowered, these drugs are proven to help prevent heart disease and reverse its early onset. Their results are very impressive which press the insistence that they should be used in an aggressive manner to fight heart disease.